TRAILER SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Congratulations on the purchase of your new Food Trailer! We believe you will be happy and completely satisfied with your purchase.
If used according to our SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS we guarantee our trailer to be structurally free from manufacturing defects.
To meet warranty conditions please ensure you meet the following criteria and follow safety instructions.
BEFORE ENTERING INTO THE TRAILER:
Put down the Jockey Wheel securely before uncoupling
Put all four Legs Stands down, locked and into place, before entering the trailer.
Use your Hand Brake System or wheels stoppers when parked.
Wait at least one hour before connecting the fridge/freezer.
DO NOT MOVE THE TRAILER UNTIL:
The coupler is secured and locked to tow ball.
Put away the jockey wheel before towing.
Safety chains are secured to the towing vehicle.
We recommend crossing over the safety chains to the car D shackles.
All four leg stands are fully retracted.
Tyres and wheels are checked; It is important to check all wheel’s air pressure periodically.
We recommend 45psi for each tyre.
Always lock all doors and windows before towing. Shut cupboards and make sure everything is secure.
Ensure your Load is secured and evenly distributed into the trailer.
Trailer lights are connected and checked.
This includes Brake lights, Indicator lights and Side of trailer Lights.
BEFORE USING WATER SYSTEM
Fill your fresh water tank (your tanks are under the chassis) with a garden hose, when your tank starts pouring
from the top inlet/outlet then your tank is full.
Connect your trailer into a proper power source.
Connect the Water pump and water heater to the power point placed under the sink.
Open the cold wáter tap to fill the system, then close it off.
Wait 3 to 5 minutes for the water heater to heat , then check by turning on the hot water tap.
Your Pump must always turned OFF when the tap is closed. If it is still running please disconnect your pump
from the power and contact us to help you to regulate pressure.
Never run your water system dry. It will burn out the Water Pump, which can then result in appliance Failure
ALWAYS switch off water pump when not in use.
Loss of control of the trailer or trailer/tow vehicle combination can result in death or serious injury. The most common causes for loss of control of the trailer are:
Improper sizing of the trailer for the tow vehicle, or vice versa.
Excessive Speed: Driving too fast for the conditions.
Failure to adjust driving behavior when towing a trailer.
Overloading and/or improper weight distribution.
Improper or miss-coupling of the trailer to the hitch.
Not maintaining proper tyre pressure.
Not keeping Lug nuts tight.
IMPROPER SIZING OF THE TRAILER TO THE TOW VEHICLE
Trailers that weigh too much for the towing vehicle can cause stability problems and cause an accident, which can lead to death or serious injury. Furthermore, the additional strain put on the engine and drive-train may lead to serious tow vehicle maintenance problems. For these reasons the maximum towing capacity of your towing vehicle should not be exceeded. We recommend to use a vehicle 3.0 engine and up.
DRIVING TOO FAST
With ideal road conditions, the maximum recommended speed for safely towing a trailer is 90 Km/h. If you drive too fast, the trailer is more likely to sway, thus increasing the possibility for loss of control. Also your tyres may overheat, thus increasing the possibility of a blowout.
FAILURE TO ADJUST DRIVING BEHAVIOR WHEN TOWING A TRAILER
When towing a trailer, you will have decreased acceleration, increased stopping distance, and increased turning radius (which means you must make wider turns to keep from hitting curbs, vehicles, and anything else that is on the inside corner).
Furthermore, the trailer will change the handling characteristics of your towing vehicle, making it more sensitive to steering inputs and more likely to be pushed around in windy conditions or when being passed by large vehicles.
In addition, you will need a longer distance to pass, due to slower acceleration and increased length. With this in mind:
Be alert for slippery road conditions. You are more likely to be affected by slippery road surfaces when driving a tow vehicle with a trailer, than driving a tow vehicle without a trailer.
Be aware of your trailer height, especially when approaching bridges, roofed areas and around trees.
Check rearview mirrors frequently to observe the trailer and traffic.
Use lower gear when driving down steep or long grades. Use the engine and transmission as a brake.
Do not ride the brakes, as they can overheat and become ineffective.
YOUR TRAILER MUST BE PROPERLY COUPLED TO THE TOW BALL
It is critical that the trailer be securely coupled to the tow ball, and that the safety chains are correctly attached.
Uncoupling may result in death or serious injury to you and to others.
Proper selection and condition of the coupler and tow ball are essential to safely towing your trailer. A loss of coupling may result in death or serious injury.
Be sure the tow ball size matches the coupler size.
Observe the tow ball for wear, corrosion and cracks before coupling. Replace worn, corroded or cracked tow ball components before coupling the trailer to the tow vehicle.
Be sure the tow ball components are tight before coupling the trailer to the tow vehicle.
AN IMPROPERLY COUPLED TRAILER CAN RESULT IN DEATH OR SERIOUS INJURY. PROPER USE OF SAFETY CHAINS
If your trailer comes loose from the hitch for any reason, we have provided safety chains so that control of the trailer can still be maintained.
TYRES, LOOSE WHEELS AND BOLTS
Just as with your tow vehicle, the trailer tyres and wheels are important safety items. Therefore, it is essential to inspect the trailer tires and bolts before each tow.
If a tyre has a bald spot, bulge, cut, cracks, or is showing any cords, replace the tyre before towing. If a tyre has uneven tread wear, take the trailer to a service center. Uneven tread wear can be caused by tyre imbalance, axle misalignment or incorrect inflation.
Tyres with too little tread will not provide adequate frictional forces on wet roadways and can result in loss of control, leading to death or serious injury.
Improper tyre pressure causes increased tyre wear and may reduce trailer stability, which can result in a tyre blowout or possible loss of control. Therefore, before each tow you must also check the tyre pressure as marked on the wheel.
Remember, the proper tyre pressure normally should be checked when tires are cold. Allow 3 hours cool-down after driving as much as 1 Km at 40 mph before checking tire pressure.
Bolts are prone to loosen after first being assembled. When driving a new trailer (or after wheels have been remounted), check to make sure they are tight after the first 30, 60 and 90 Km of driving and before each tow thereafter.
The total weight of the load you put on the trailer, plus the empty weight of the trailer itself, must not exceed 1200 Kg/Axle
You must distribute the load in the trailer.
Load on the trailer does not exceed:
350 Kg - Single axle
750 Kg - Double axle (tandem)
Since the trailer “ride” can be bumpy and rough, you must secure your cargo so that it does not shift while the trailer is being towed. Always lock all doors and windows before towing.
Your trailer may be designed for specific cargo. If your trailer is designed for specific cargo, only carry that cargo in the trailer. A trailer must not be used to carry certain items, such as people, containers of hazardous substances or containers of flammable substances.
UNSAFE LOAD DISTRIBUTION
Uneven left / right load distribution can cause tire, wheel, axle or structural failure. Be sure your trailer is evenly loaded left / right. Towing stability also depends on keeping the center of gravity as low as possible.